Impact of Land Tenure Security on Technical Efficiency for Maize Production: The Case of Central Province in Zambia
Primary data were collected from smallholder maize farmers in the Central province of Zambia. The data is used in the study of the impact of land tenure security on Technical Efficiency for maize production in Zambia. This datasheet was applied in stochastic production frontier analysis using Stata software, where the results indicated that the impact of tenure security is not statistically significant. Infact, maize producers without tenure security were significantly efficient than the titled, although the overall impact on the technial inefficiency model was not significant. The implication is that the Zambian government need to pay attention to the non-title holders who are the majority maize producers in the country. The rider to this research was that Zambia is a major maize producer and consumer in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) trading bloc. However, Zambia's capacity to meet it's own national food security for the staple maize crop as well as export to regional markets remains a challenge. Despite the huge export market for maize, the country cannot produce enough to maximise benefits. Maize in Zambia is largely produced by smallholder farmers who are majorly dependent on government support for subsidized inputs and crop marketing. In the application of this data, we aeek to find out if improving land tenure security for smallholder maize farmers in Zambia can lead to long-term improvement in technical efficiency for maize production. In literature, there are many research findings where tenure security has been touted to provide enough incentive for increased investments in crop production. Equally, other research shows the contrary results to this assertion. We viewed this situation as the more reason for region specific research to understand specific or appropriate policy measures and recommendations that can be applied. For the production function, increased crop area and fertiliser application wwre the significant factors for increasing maize production in our study area. For the inefficiency function, the age of the household head, farming experience, farm size, extension visits and the presence of a cellphone network were the important determinants of technical inefficiency. The age of the farmer, farm size and the presence of a cellphone network tended to reduce technical inefficiency. Age of the household head implied the farmer was growing more responsible with better judgment for use of input resources and more skills in handling oxen which is the significant proxy for labour in our study area. Farm size meant that those with larger farms were capable while those with smaller farms were novices.The presence of a cellphone network reduces input and output market information asymmetries.