Species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae, regulated by phytosanitary requirements of countries

Published: 12 December 2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/h8h63h5prx.1
Contributors:
Yuliya Orlova,
Ekaterina Sukholozova ,
Julianne Кulakova,
Vitaly Кulakov

Description

Exporting products of plant origin must comply with the phytosanitary requirements of the importing countries. Analysis of phytosanitary requirements of importing countries, identification of weeds of natural flora from the Рapaveraceae families, as well as their distribution in Russia and their presence in grain products are discussed in the study. The phytosanitary requirements of 53 countries were analyzed. It was noted that 9 countries controls the presence of poppy seeds in grain products: one genus entirely and 11 species (Table 1.). There are detected seeds of Papaver rhoeas, Fumaria officinalis, Glaucium corniculatum in plant products growing in Russia. Data of the detections number of these species in products are given in Table 2. Weeds of the Papaveraceae family that are often found in products are widespread in the Russia throughout. These are species of natural flora of Russia. Papaver rhoeas L. is a eurasian plant, one of the most widespread species of poppy, growing both in forests and semi-desert and arid zones. Distribution in Russia. This species is found in the Kaliningrad region and the European part of Russia according to main floristic sources. It was indicated as a rare invasive plant in Western Siberia and Caucasus. It was noted sporadically throughout in the Lower Volga region (Fig. 1). This species is found as a weed in the fields, in settlements, along the roads, it is known as an ornamental plant and also grow wild. Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Curtis has a south-european-caucasian-asian area. It is weed in steppe zones, often introduced to more north places, where it grows in disturbed places with sparse grass covers. Distribution in Russia. The northern border of the range of G. corniculatum goes through in Central Russia along the Voronezh and Saratov regions. The species is widespread in European Russia and introduced up to Karelia. It grows in the rocky slopes, in the fields and fallow lands, along roads. The species is usually found throughout of the Lower Volga region on fallow lands, wastelands. The species is present in the Russian Caucasus and Western Siberia, where it is found on railway embankments and in crops (Fig. 2). Fumaria officinalis L. Distribution in Russia. This is one of the most widespread species of the genus Fumaria on the territory of Russia. It occurs in the forest, forest-steppe, rare in steppe zones on the plains and in the foothills. It is found almost everywhere in the European part, the Russian Caucasus, Western Siberia, and rarely in Eastern Siberia (Fig. 3).

Files

Steps to reproduce

Information on plants regulated by importing countries is based on data from the EPPO Global Database and the Information System on the Phytosanitary Requirements of Russian Grain Importing Countries. Information on the nature of the distribution of the species on the territory of Russia is presented according to the data of floristic reports, as well as the GBIF and AgroAtlas databases. Information on the presence of weed seeds in products was carried out according to the reports of the testing laboratories for the period 2017-2019. The Global Mapper geographic information system software package was used to draw up maps. Information on the distribution of species on the territory of the Russian Federation was obtained from open databases: gbif.org and agroatlas.ru.