Data for: Past is prologue: The role of memory retrieval in young children’s episodic prospection

Published: 29 August 2018| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/hr9j6jt8dy.1
Contributors:
Janani Prabhakar,
Judith Hudson

Description

There are four datasets here that provide all raw data for our study on the memory mechanisms that distinguish past and future thinking in 3-year-old and 4-year-old children. The datasets reflect data from two experiment, described in brief below: Experiment 1: We sought to determine the effect of age (3 vs. 4), retrieval environment (reinstatement vs. reconstruction), and time (past vs. future) on children's ability to produce a learned temporal sequence. Preschoolers (IV: age) were taught a temporal sequence to play a song. After a delay, they were asked to either remember how they played the song or envision how they would play the song in the future (IV: time). They did so in conditions that either resembled the past learning experience or not (IV: retrieval environment). The goal of this experiment was to determine whether there were differential memory processes to produce the same learned temporal sequence based on whether preschoolers were remembering the past versus imagining the future, and furthermore, whether the availability of cues at retrieval influence these processes. Experiment 2: We sought to determine the effect of age (3 vs. 4) and order (recall first vs. future first) on children's ability to produce a learned temporal sequence when they imagine the future. Preschoolers (IV: age) were asked to either remember a past experience first before imagining the future or imagine the future before remembering the past (IV: order). The past experience that they recalled occurred in the past in temporal proximity to the event where they learned the temporal sequence. The goal of this experiment was to determine whether memory retrieval processes engaged during recall of the temporally near past event narrows the memory search space to support recall of the learned temporal sequence during future thinking. Below are descriptions of each file: 1) Exp1Data_upload: This file contains accuracy data for each subject based on time (past versus future), age (3 versus 4), and condition (reinstatement versus reconstruction) for each of the two tasks (item recognition and song order recall) in Experiment 1 2) Exp1_Attempts - upload: This file contains the number of attempts it took each subject in Experiment 1 to complete the sequence accurately in the encoding phase of the experiment 3) Exp2Data_upload: This file contains accuracy data for each subject based on age (3 versus 4) and order (recall first versus future first) for each of the three tasks (food game recall, item recognition, and song order recall) in Experiment 2 4) Exp2_Attempts - upload: This file contains the number of attempts it took each subject in Experiment 2 to complete the sequence accurately in the encoding phase of the experiment

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Categories

Episodic Memory

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