Tension Headache Among University Of Ha’il Students
Background: Headache has emerged as a major global public health problem. Tension-type headaches (TTH) are recurrent episodes of headaches lasting minutes to weeks. The pain is typically pressing or tightening in quality, of mild to moderate intensity, and bilateral in location, and does not worsen with the routine physical activity. Aim: The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence and assess the awareness of Tension Headache among University of Ha’il students and its management. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among University of Hail students. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among university students using online platforms primarily social media. The questionnaire includes basic demographic characteristics, duration of headache, location of headache, type of pain, the severity of pain, medication, triggering factor of headache, and the associated condition of headache. A total of 1027 UOH students completed the study questionnaire (52.6% females vs 47.4% males). 37 responders were excluded due to reporting in the last 12 months 0 days of headache leaving 990 suffering from a headache. As for the number of days during the last 12 months that the students have suffered from a headache 35.1 % of the students have suffered from a headache from 1-7 days followed by 28.6 % for more than 30 days, 22.6 % from 8-14 days, 13.6 % 15-30 days, and lastly, never suffered from a headache were excluded. The severity of pain is concerning, 59.6 % of the student have been affected by the pain, and they can't continue their daily activity. 30.6% is mild pain, and annoying but can continue the activity. 09.8 % is severe pain, which wakes the students up from sleep. Lack of sleep was the most commonly reported triggering factor (36.6%) while taking a rest was the most common action to be taken to relieve headaches without medication. By the end , Tension headaches had been moderately affected university students which affecting their daily activities. Most of them suffered at least 7 days a year. Major factors that are precipitating headaches were lack of sleep and anxiety with studying for an exam.