Data for: Effects of Dieting Associated with Combined aerobic and Resistance Training program on Body Composition and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Obese Students with Metabolic Syndrome
Background: Diet and physical activity are the most commonly recommended strategies for preventing and treating metabolic syndrome (MetS). This randomized trial aims to examine the effectiveness of a weight reduction intervention based on caloric restriction, low-impact aerobics (LIA), and a resistance-training program in improving body composition, metabolic parameters and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among obese students diagnosed with MetS. Methods: In all, 23 male participants, aged 19-24 years, were randomly introduced to a dieting program (the diet group, or DG = 09) or to dieting associated with a supervised physical training program (the diet plus training group, or DTG = 14). Before and after the intervention, the participants' anthropometric measures and cardiovascular disease risk factors were assessed. Results: Following the interventions, significant improvements were noted in all anthropometric variables in all participants (p≤0.001 for all). Notable differences were observed between groups in terms of changes at WC (p ≤ 0.01), BFP (p≤ 0.05) and WHR (p≤ 0.05). All MetS components also improved in both groups, and the most significant improvements were observed among the training group in terms of fasting blood glucose (FBG) level (p ≤ 0.05), triglyceride (TG) level (p ≤ 0.001), total cholesterol (TC; p ≤ 0.01), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c; p ≤ 0.05), and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-c; p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: A daily caloric restriction of approximately -500 kcal could be an effective tool in combating MetS. Further, the introduction of three weekly aerobic and resistance-training sessions in a gymnasium to the caloric restriction program may deliver better outcomes, particularly in terms of reducing WC, BFP, WHR, FBG levels, TG levels, TC, LDL-c, and VLDL-c concentrations.