Published: 19 April 2022| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/j2yh4rg95v.1
Mohammad Fallah Mohammadi


Safe return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) surgery is important. Core stabilization is common within rehabilitation, but its influence on hopping performance and single-leg landing kinetics among athletes post-ACLR is unclear. Twenty-four male professional athletes who had ACL reconstruction surgery (time since surgery = 11.47 ± 1.55 months) were recruited and randomly assigned to exercise (n=12) and control (n=12) groups. Exercise group received an 8-week core stability exercise program. Limb symmetry index (LSI) for single-leg hop for distance (SLH) and triple hop (TRH) tests, and single-leg landing kinetics (multidirectional ground reaction forces) were measured pre- and post-intervention. In post-test, the participants in exercise group were more symmetrical in SLH (P = .04, CI =0.01-7.68) and TRH (P = .01, CI = 0.28-11.1) distances. They also improved their LSI values for vertical ground reaction force (vGRF), though not significantly (P<.05). LSI for anteroposterior (a-p) and mediolateral (m-l) GRFs remained unchanged for participants of both groups. Our findings indicate the positive effect of core exercise on decreasing between-limb asymmetries during SLH and TLH tests. Our results demonstrate that despite lack of change in kinetics, functional performance is more symmetrical following core stability training.



Exercise Rehabilitation