This is the dataset reflects the recorded times that it took for 72 participants to transcribe an Arabic text, and 78 participants to transcribe an English text, both by paper and by smartphone. (*Note that Participant 48 in the English subgroup was identified as an outlier as times for smartphone entry were over 5 SD away from the mean.) All data points are times (in seconds). It was hypothesized, based on precursor research, that handwriting would be faster than smartphone entry for participants writing in their second language. This hypothesis was supported by this data. Also, the non-normal distributions of the English subgroups (the second language of the participants) is typical of research based on self-paced actions (in this case, self-paced writing). Both subgroups of the English data were positively skewed.
Steps to reproduce
An original text was created for this study, in both English and Arabic. Students were timed as to how long it took them to reproduce the text both on paper, and on their smartphones. The order of reproduction was counterbalanced to control for practice effects.