Multilayer Annotation Strategy AnnoSePS: Disentangling the Intricate Structure of Selenium-Containing Polysaccharides Based on Preferential Fragmentation Patterns

Published: 13 May 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/jy7cnbkmdj.1
Xixuan Wu


Precision mapping of selenium at structural and position levels poses significant challenges in selenium-containing polysaccharides identification. Due to the absence of reference spectra, database-centric approaches are still limited in the discovery of selenium binding sites and distinction among different isomeric structures. Multilayer annotation strategy AnnoSePS is proposed for achieving the identification of seleno-substituent and the unbiased profiling of polysaccharides. Applying Snoop-triggered multiple reaction monitoring (Snoop-MRM) identified multidimensional monosaccharides in selenium-containing polysaccharides. Galactose, galacturonic acid, and glucose were the predominant monosaccharides with a molar ratio of 25.19, 19.45, and 11.72, respectively. Selenium present in seleno-rhamnose was found to substitute the hydroxyl group located at C-1 positions through the formation of a Se–H bond. Ions C6H9O3Se−, C6H7O3Se−, C5H5O3Se−, C4H5O2Se−, C3H5O2Se−, C2H3O2Se−, and CHOSe− were defined as the characteristic fragments of seleno-rhamnose. Agglomerative hierarchical clustering algorithm is applied to group spectra from each run based on the characteristic information. Preferential fragmentation patterns in Mass Spectrometry are revealed by training a probabilistic model. A list of candidate oligosaccharides is generated by step-by-step browsing through the transition pairs for all reference spectra and applying the transitions (addition, insertion, removal, and substitution) to reference structures. Combining time course analysis revealed the linkage composition of selenium-containing oligosaccharides. Glycosidic linkages were annotated based on a synthesis-driven approach. T-Galactose (16.67 ± 5.23%) and T-Galacturonic acid (11.54 ± 4.66%) were the predominant linkage residues. As the database-independent mapping strategy, AnnoSePS makes it possible to comprehensively interrogate spectral data and dissect the fine structure of selenium-containing polysaccharides.



Shaanxi University of Science and Technology


Data Analysis


National Natural Science Foundation of China