Auditory sequence perception in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) Behav Processes. 2019 May;162:55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2019.01.014.

Published: 13-05-2020| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/k2545gv8s9.2
Contributor:
masumi wakita

Description

Raw data for the article: Auditory sequence perception in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) Two marmosets (Cj190 and Cj195) were trained to discriminate auditory patterns to test whether they are sensitive to the regularity of auditory patterns. For this purpose, three experiments were conducted using simple Morse-code like patterns. In Experiment 1, stimuli were consisted of the combination of two properties (i.e., frequency and inter-tone interval). Both marmosets could choose S+ out of four sound trains as indicated by the increment of HIT responses (‘1’ in the S+ trials) and decrement of FA response (‘1’ in the S- trials). Thus, the marmosets’ ability to recognize physical properties of sounds was showed. In Experiment 2, stimulus patterns were ABAB and AABB patterns. However, the marmosets could not discriminate these patterns although the results of Experiment 1 showed that the marmosets can notice the difference between A and B elements. Such results were indicated by the comparable HIT and FA ratios across sessions. Thus, the results of Experiment 2 implied that marmosets are not sensitive to the ordering regularity of sounds. In the phase 1 of Experiment 3, ABAB and AABB patterns in which either frequency or tone duration properties were shared were presented. Consequently, the marmoset learned to avoid two S- stimuli that did not share the common physical properties with S+ as indicated by the marked decrement of FA ratios to two of three S- stimuli. However, their discrimination performance did not rely on the ordering features. In the phase 2 of Experiment 3, training was continued using S+ and S- that the marmosets could not inhibit responding. Notably, FA to such S- was not inhibited. Consequently, they could not discriminate ABAB and AABB patterns. In conclusion, the current experiments imply that the marmosets can recognize physical features of sound. However, they cannot process the order information of auditory signals.

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The dataset contains behavioral results used for the article “Auditory sequence perception in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) Behav Processes. 2019 May;162:55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2019.01.014.” Latencies across trials and sessions are shown for Cj190 and Cj195 marmosets. Responses emitted within stimulus presentation (5 s) were treated as GO responses. The response latencies in the MISS and CR trials were tentatively designated as 5 s. Response latency data were then converted into GO/NOGO response data. Thus, ‘1’ in the S+ and S- trials represents HIT and FA responses, respectively. By bootstrapping these 1/0 data, the mean of the resampled HIT and FA rates as well as the mean and 95% CI of the d’ scores were computed.