Data for: Determinants of Local Governments’ Transparency in Times of Crisis: Evidence From Municipality-Level Panel Data
The database is configured with spanish municipal data in the period 2008-2012 with the following variables: Investment. This is a numerical variable which represents capital investment per capita. Fiscal pressure. This is a numerical variable which represents the total of direct and indirect taxes per capita. Unemployment. It is the local unemployment statistics registered in a municipality that is measured by the percentage of the population potentially active. Gender. It is a numeric variable representing the percentage of women councilors, who belong to the municipal council. Electoral turnout. This is a numerical variable, which represents the percentage of participation in the last local elections in the municipality. Political strength. It is a dummy variable given the value of 1 if the municipal party leader is ruling in absolute majority (maximum strength), and 0 otherwise (maximum fragmentation) Capital. Province capital which assumes the value of 1 if the municipality is a provincial capital and 0 otherwise. Year
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Data about the Transparency Index was taken from the website of the Transparency International Spain. Other data were collected from the Spanish National Statistics Institute and Ministries of the Economy and of Home Affair.