The Effect of Climate Change Threat on Public Attitudes towards Ethnic and Religious Minorities and Climate Refugees

Published: 12 December 2022| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/kmhgrg4rpz.1
Sadi Shanaah,


This entry includes the text of three surveys distributed via Qualtrics company to ethnic white British citizens in 2020 (Study 1, Survey T1 and T2) and 2021 (Study 2 - different sample from Study 1) and associated datasets (Study 1 and Study 2). Hence, Study 1 consists of two survey waves whereby the second wave was a recontact of participants in wave 1. Study 2 includes a completely different sample of ethnic white British citizens. The surveys used an experimental design (Study 1 (T2) and Study 2) to investigate the effect of climate change threat on attitudes towards ethnic/religious minorities and climate refugees. We found no significant direct effect. We found significant interaction effect of climate change threat and national climate efficacy (the belief that the UK will successfully manage negative climate change impacts) on the attitude of ethnic white British participants towards the least liked ethnic and religious minorities in the country (both studies) and climate refugees (Study 1). The moderating role of collective climate efficacy beliefs suggests that processes of group-based control may be central for explaining ethnocentric responses to climate change threat. The data was cleaned of variables pertaining to a different study on the effect of climate change threat on environmental extremism, which is still under analysis. More information on this research can be found in these pre-registrations: and



Aarhus Universitet, Universitat Leipzig, University of Warwick


Social Psychology, Political Science, Experimental Design, Survey, Climate Change, Intergroup Relations


Interacting Minds Centre, Aarhus University