Anxiety and higth depression in social work students
For its application, the Microsoft 365® Forms platform was used, following the parameters of the test through the voluntary self-report of each participant. A non-probabilistic sample criterion was used, for convenience, with the voluntary participation of undergraduate and graduate students from the School of Social Work, Industrial University of Santander, Colombia, achieving a total of 160 effective applications. Five composition variables are included: year of application, level of education, sex, health status and economic situation in the last month. These variables serve as a resource for the significance tests of the results of both scales. The processing of the information was carried out by validating the data once the criticism of the information was made from an Excel format, migrating the results to a statistical software (IBM-SPSS®). For the final qualification of the levels of anxiety and depression, the cut-off points established in the literature of validation of the scales were used (Campo-Arias, Díaz-Martínez, Rueda-Jaimes, & Barros Bermúdez, 2005), which allow evaluating the level in an ordinal variable: Within normal, minimum, moderate and extreme. The participants were previously informed of both the academic exercise and the global analysis of the results without compromising identity, accepting informed consent. In addition, individual results were delivered when participants requested it, complying with the basic ethical aspects of the research. The Zung scale consists of a questionnaire of 20 items on an ordinal scale from Never or Rarely, Sometimes, Many Times and Almost Always or Always and the rating of the response depends on the positive or negative sense of the item. Anxiety questions cover a wide variety of expressions of emotional disorders. In the case of the Depression scale, which is rated in a similar way, it refers to a set of symptoms that take place in the affective field of the subject and can reduce their interaction and social participation, being delicate markers of mental health.