The syntax and semantics of Gã future markers

Published: 27 January 2019| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/m46h3xtfng.1


Audio data comprising naturally-occurring spoken discourse in support of paper on future expression in Gã. Due largely to the overwhelming frequency of the temporal function in the discourse data, I maintain that the primary function of bàá- is as a tense marker and not a modal, as has been suggested by Dakubu (2008). I show that àá- is now reserved primarily for coding epistemic modality. Gã is therefore unique among Kwa languages, which have been said to be tenseless. This study uncovers previously unreported non-temporal uses of bàá- and clarifies the situation regarding the semantic differences between the two markers. Reference Dakubu, Mary Esther Kropp 2008. Ga verb features. In: M.E Kropp Dakubu and Felix K. Ameka (eds.), Aspect and modality in Kwa languages, 91-134 Amsterdam: John Benjamins