Challenges of Artisanal Fishermen: A Case Study from Sonadia Island, Bangladesh
The southern part of Bangladesh is positioned on the orifice of Bay of Bengal and is abundant with marine fisheries' huge potential. Whereas marine resources are considered one of the essential sources of future economic development for many countries, Bangladesh is still lagging in this regard. The country cannot materialise full potentials of marine fisheries since more than 90% of fishers use artisanal fishing equipment, and the reasons behind being artisanal fishers are multifaceted. However, it is crucial to know the challenges of artisanal fishers in achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study explored the challenges associated with artisanal fisheries and finds out the solution to help achieve SDGs by providing recommendations. This study was conducted in one of the islands in Bangladesh's coastal area named Sonadia Island to unveil the challenges. Mainly primary data was collected through questionnaire and focus group discussion with the local government elected representative, fishermen association leader, representative of civil society and Upazila level government officials. Secondary data was used to analyse the regulatory and institutional framework. The targets of SDGs were aligned with the importance of artisanal fisheries and the rights of the fishermen. Piracy, local credit system, and complex market chain were identified as significant challenges. Pro-activeness of different government departments can improve the scenario drastically.