Data for: International Sanctions' Impact on Energy Efficiency in Target States

Published: 31-07-2019| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/m8r8nx8fft.1
Qiang Fu,
xinxin Zhao,
Yin-E Chen,
Chun-Ping Chang


We use Efficiency to represent GDP divided by energy use, Unilateral to represent sanctions imposed by either the U.S. or the EU only, Plurilateral to represent the sanctions imposed by the U.S. and the EU jointly, Multilateral (or UN) to represent the international sanctions imposed by the United Nations, US, EU, and UN to stand for the sanction senders, Eco to represent that the sanctions affect the economy, Non-eco to represent that the sanctions do not affect the economy, Intensity to represent the formal intensity of sanctions, GDP to stand for per capita GDP of the target state, FDI to represent the net inflows of foreign direct investment, Investment to stand for the gross fixed capital formation as a percent of GDP, Industry to represent percentage of energy industry value added to GDP, Ideology to stand for the ideological orientation of the respective government, Urbanization to represent the proportion of urban population, and Openness to stand for exports plus imports as a percentage of GDP.