BREAKING BARRIERS: ASSESSING THE EFFICACY OF GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES IN EMPOWERING THE TRANSGENDER COMMUNITY IN INDIA
Abstract: Individuals who self-identify as transgender have traditionally faced stigmatisation, indifference, and exclusion from mainstream societal structures. Individuals who have difficulty in ascertaining their gender are subjected to the denial of fundamental human rights and encounter unjust treatment within societal contexts. Individuals who do not conform to traditional male or female gender identities have encountered a range of obstacles throughout history. The degree of societal acceptance, social standing, and role within communities has shown significant variation across different geographical regions and cultural contexts. Individuals who are marginalised by society have difficulties in accessing educational opportunities and securing stable careers. Moreover, the associated stigma may further exacerbate their challenges, potentially leading to a loss of their capacity to lead a life characterised by dignity. A number of transgender individuals have successfully overcome challenging circumstances and have made noteworthy contributions to their respective communities, so acting as exemplars for others. The settlers encountered significant obstacles in their efforts to create enduring colonies in that region; yet, they eventually achieved total self-reliance. Individuals of this kind attain the status of role models due to the profound influence they have had on society within their respective areas of specialisation. This research aims to use contemporary analysis in order to bring focus to and evaluate the government- mandated rights and provisions for this particular demographic.
Steps to reproduce
Other major steps towards trans-inclusivity: • In 2016, the Ministry of Railways included a supplementary gender category on its reservation form to facilitate the inclusion of transgender individuals. • Historically, there were distinct divisions in society based on gender, resulting in segregated columns for males and females. • The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Rural Development and operates as a centrally financed mechanism for the provision of social pensions to vulnerable populations such as the elderly, widows, and those with disabilities. • The aforementioned initiative offers monthly pension benefits to a total of 3,384 individuals who identify as transgender. • In April 2020, the Ministry of Personnel issued a directive for all central ministries and departments to revise their examination norms and application forms to include a separate category for 'transgender' in relation to central government employment.