Ex situ and in situ data for endangered livestock breeds in Spain

Published: 22 January 2021| Version 3 | DOI: 10.17632/mn26mrb243.3
Rafael de Oliveira Silva,


Improvements in ex situ storage of genetic and reproductive materials offer an alternative for endangered livestock breed conservation. This is a dataset for current ex situ collections and in situ population for 179 Spanish livestock breeds of seven species, cattle, sheep, pig, chicken, goat, horse and donkey. Ex situ data was obtained via survey administered to 18 functioning gene banks in Spain and relates to the reproductive genetic materials (semen doses) of 211 livestock breeds distributed across the gene banks. In situ data combines CENSUS information with linear regression techniques and relates to the geographic distribution of 179 Spanish autochthonous livestock breeds (2009-2018), and in situ population projections and extinction probabilities (2019-2060). We use a decision variable defining an “acceptable level of risk” that allows decision makers to specify tolerable levels of in situ breed endangerment when taking ex situ collection and storage decisions. Files description: Ex_Situ_In_Situ_Data.xlsx - the complete in situ and ex situ data. GenerateFigureCensus.m - the Matlab(R) code used to generate the in situ population projections. Economic_Survey.docx - the survey applied to the Spanish gene banks for economic costs. For further details see https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106916


Steps to reproduce

Genetic materials data were obtained via surveys with 17 Spanish gene banks that provided most recent (2018) information on stored materials. In situ data were provided by the National Information System of Spanish Livestock Breeds (ARCA) held by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and used for linear regression analysis.


The University of Edinburgh, Universidad Complutense de Madrid


Animal Science, Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, Conservation of Biodiversity, Agricultural Animal, Conservation Genetics, In Situ Study