The Climate Change Twitter Dataset
If you use the dataset, cite the paper: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2022.117541 The most comprehensive dataset to date regarding climate change and human opinions via Twitter. It has the heftiest temporal coverage, spanning over 13 years, includes over 15 million tweets spatially distributed across the world, and provides the geolocation of most tweets. Seven dimensions of information are tied to each tweet, namely geolocation, user gender, climate change stance and sentiment, aggressiveness, deviations from historic temperature, and topic modeling, while accompanied by environmental disaster events information. These dimensions were produced by testing and evaluating a plethora of state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms and methods, both supervised and unsupervised, including BERT, RNN, LSTM, CNN, SVM, Naive Bayes, VADER, Textblob, Flair, and LDA. The following columns are in the dataset: ➡ created_at: The timestamp of the tweet. ➡ id: The unique id of the tweet. ➡ lng: The longitude the tweet was written. ➡ lat: The latitude the tweet was written. ➡ topic: Categorization of the tweet in one of ten topics namely, seriousness of gas emissions, importance of human intervention, global stance, significance of pollution awareness events, weather extremes, impact of resource overconsumption, Donald Trump versus science, ideological positions on global warming, politics, and undefined. ➡ sentiment: A score on a continuous scale. This scale ranges from -1 to 1 with values closer to 1 being translated to positive sentiment, values closer to -1 representing a negative sentiment while values close to 0 depicting no sentiment or being neutral. ➡ stance: That is if the tweet supports the belief of man-made climate change (believer), if the tweet does not believe in man-made climate change (denier), and if the tweet neither supports nor refuses the belief of man-made climate change (neutral). ➡ gender: Whether the user that made the tweet is male, female, or undefined. ➡ temperature_avg: The temperature deviation in Celsius and relative to the January 1951-December 1980 average at the time and place the tweet was written. ➡ aggressiveness: That is if the tweet contains aggressive language or not. Since Twitter forbids making public the text of the tweets, in order to retrieve it you need to do a process called hydrating. Tools such as Twarc or Hydrator can be used to hydrate tweets.