Community-level SARS-CoV-2 sequence diversity revealed by wastewater sampling
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for causing the COVID-19 pandemic, can be detected in untreated wastewater. Wastewater surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 complements clinical data by offering earlier community-level detection, removing underlying factors such as access to healthcare, sampling asymptomatic patients, and reaching a greater population. Here, we compare 24-hour composite samples from the influents of two different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in South Carolina, USA: Columbia and Rock Hill. The sampling intervals span the months of July 2020 and January 2021, which cover the first and second waves of elevated SARS-CoV-2 transmission and COVID-19 clinical cases in these regions.