Maternal Health Service Coverage in India
Accessibility and availability of quality and essential health services and utilization of these services by a large proportion of the population amount towards the health service coverage in a country. Health service coverage in the area of maternal and child health is imperative from the development perspectives of the country. So that, India brings about a number of policies and schemes to increase the coverage of health services under the umbrella of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH). Maternal health is a prominent area of research concern about the health of a woman during the period of pregnancy, childbirth, and post-partum. Against this backdrop, the authors presented a dataset regarding the maternal health service coverage in India at the sub-national level for the three financial years from 2017 to 2020. Based on the time in which the care has to be provided, the maternal health care services are categorized into three namely Antenatal/ prenatal care, intranatal/ intrapartum care, and postnatal/postpartum care. Antenatal care (ANC) refers to the systemic care and supervision recommended for women during their pregnancy while intranatal care is the systemic care during labour and delivery. Care providing after delivery conventionally for the first 42 days (6 weeks) is known as post-natal/post-partum care. The authors extracted data from the Health Management Information System (HMIS) portal, an initiative under the National Health Mission (NHM) by the Government of India. Followed by the extraction, the authors identified and shortlisted health indicators of maternal health service coverage in India at the sub-national level. HMIS is a web-based routine monitoring system of the vital Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child Health (RMNCH) data uploaded by the States and Union territories in India. The data for health indicators for the maternal health service coverage were identified and shortlisted based on the expert opinion and review of the literature. The study considered only those indicators for which the data is available in relative measure (in percentage). The selected Indicators are further classified under the domains of Antenatal care coverage (ANC), Intranatal Care Coverage (INC) and Postnatal Care coverage (PNC) based on various guidelines by the reputed national and international organizations. Furthermore, the authors classified the indicators under the domain of ANC into three sub-domains namely ANC registration & check-us, Supplementation & prophylaxis in pregnancy, and essential screening. The obtained data on the selected indicators were randomly chosen and rechecked for the errors in the data entry.