A new target of electroacupuncture pretreatment mediated sympathetic nervous to improve MIRI: glutamatergic neurons in fastigial nucleus of the cerebellum

Published: 9 October 2023| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/njm4npy8vv.2
Xiang ZHOU, Rong-lin CAI


Ischemic heart disease is a fatal cardiovascular disease that irreversibly impairs the function of the heart, followed by reperfusion leading to a further increase in infarct size. Clinically, we call it myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). A growing number of clinical observations and experimental studies have found electroacupuncture (EA) to be effective in alleviating MIRI. This study attempts to investigate whether glutamatergic neurons in fastigial nucleus (FN) of the cerebellum are involved in EA pretreatment to alleviate MIRI via sympathetic nerves, and the potential mechanisms of EA pretreatment process. A MIRI model was established by ligating the coronary artery of the left anterior descending branch of the heart for 30 minutes, followed by 2 hours of reperfusion. Multichannel physiological recordings, electrocardiogram, cardiac ultrasound, chemical genetics, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunofluorescence staining methods were combined to demonstrate that EA pretreatment inhibited neuronal firing and c-Fos expression in FN of the cerebellum and reduced cardiac sympathetic firing. Meanwhile, EA pretreatment significantly reduced cardiac ejection fraction (EF), shortening fraction (SF), percentage infarct area, decreased myocardial norepinephrine (NE), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) concentrations, and improved MIRI-induced myocardial tissue morphology. The results were similar to the inhibition of glutamatergic neurons in FN. However, the activation of glutamatergic neurons in FN diminished the aforementioned effects of EA pretreatment. This study revealed that glutamatergic neurons in FN of the cerebellum is involved in EA pretreatment mediated sympathetic nervous and may be a potential mediator for improving MIRI.