Novel EPHB4 mutation
Published: 6 April 2023| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/nvdn6vfr4p.2
Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome 2 (CM-AVM2) is an autosomal dominant condition associated with heterozygous pathogenic variants in the EPHB4 gene. It is characterized by multiple capillary malformations (CMs) with associated fast-flow vascular anomalies such as arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and arteriovenous fistulas (AVF). In this work, we describe two CM-AVM2 families with two novel mutations in exon 13 of EPHB4 (NM_004444:c.2197G>T, p.E733X) and exon 14 of EPHB4 (NM_004444:c.2335-2A>T, p.E818Tfs*4). Combining our patients' genotypes and phenotypes, we demonstrated that CM-AVM2 was the definite diagnosis.