COVID-19 vaccine attitude and its predictors among people living with chronic health conditions in Ibadan, Nigeria

Published: 5 January 2022| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/nvtv8ncydh.1


This data shows the COVID-19 vaccination attitude of people living with chronic health conditions in Nigeria. It further highlights attitude towards 'mistrust of vaccine', 'fear of unforeseen future events, 'concern about commercial profiteering' and 'preference for natural immunity. The predictors of vaccination attitude are included in this data set. The most influential is confidence in the government's ability to handle the pandemic. Other factors associated with overall vaccine attitude were level of education, income, knowledge of COVID-19 and living room arrangement.


Steps to reproduce

Data collection took place before the vaccination of the general population commenced in Nigeria. Data was collected on socio-demographic variables and COVID-19 related characteristics among the patients by trained research assistants. The interviewers who were postgraduate students in the College of Medicine were trained at a one-day workshop. During the training, they got general orientation about the study objectives, interviewing skills and health research ethics. Each question item was explained as well as how to record the responses. A questionnaire consisting of three (3) sections was used for data collection. The first section consisted of sociodemographic data and predictors of vaccination attitude, based on a literature search. Items included were gender, age, socioeconomic status using the wealth index, [1], employment classification, history of children’s vaccination, daily exposure to news, and self-rated adherence to the COVID-19 guidelines, among others. The second section was made up of the Vaccine Attitude Examination (Vax) Scale. The VAX scale is an easy to use made up of 12-item questions [2]. The scale consisted of four subscales which provide information on individuals with vaccination resistance. The subscales are: 1) mistrust of vaccine benefit, (2) worries about unforeseen future effects, (3) concerns about commercial profiteering, and (4) preference for natural immunity. A sufficient convergent validity and internal reliability (Cronbach’s alphas = 0.77-0.93) had been established for all four subscales, (19); Wood, Smith, Miller, & O’Carroll, 2019). The scale is rated on a six-point Likert scale (very strongly disagree (coded as 0), …, very strongly agree (coded as 5)). With a maximum possible score of 60, the overall score was dichotomized using the median value as a cut off value The last section was made up of questions to ascertain contextual influences on the COVID-19 vaccine attitude. It was made up of 16 items with three main options: ‘Yes/No/Not sure’ 1. Sataloff RT, Johns MM, Kost KM. DHS Comparative Reports. 2004; 2. Martin LR, Petrie KJ. Understanding the Dimensions of Anti-Vaccination Attitudes: the Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2017;51(5):652–60.


University of Ibadan College of Medicine


Diabetes, Hypertension, Attitude, Vaccination, COVID-19