Investigation of the Role of Principal Servant Leadership Based on Spiritual Moral Values in Conditioning Humanistic Education
This study aims to describe the leadership role of the principal's servant leadership based on spiritual moral values in conditioning humanistic education. This research uses qualitative research and case study design. The research subjects were 3 school principals and 3 senior teachers from three schools in State Junior High Schools, Islamic Private Junior High Schools, and Catholic Junior High Schools located in Malang City, East Java, Indonesia. Data were collected using in-depth interview techniques, participant observation, and documentation study. Data analysis used a modified analytic analysis method. Data validation by measuring credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. The results of this study explain that as a servant leader, the principal is an altruist, faithful, and moral person to condition a humanistic learning environment. In addition, the leadership role of the principal's servant aims to restore and awaken personal awareness that focuses on psychological well-being, emotional maturity, and ethical, moral, and religious wisdom of each individual served.