Regional metrics for entrepreneurial ecosystems in Europe
This dataset measures the entrepreneurial ecosystems and entrepreneurship outputs of 273 NUTS-2 regions in Europe. The entrepreneurial ecosystem model of Stam and Van de Ven (2021) is used to operationalize the entrepreneurial ecosystem concept. The ten elements in the model are measured by statistical indicators on the regional level. The dataset contains metrics for each entrepreneurial ecosystem element as well as an index measuring the overall quality of the entrepreneurial ecosystem. The data collection and choices regarding indicators are extensively described in Leendertse et al. (2021). The output of entrepreneurial ecosystems is productive entrepreneurship. The dataset contains two measures of productive entrepreneurship: innovative startups (less than 5 years old) and unicorn firms (young private firms with a valuation of more than $1 billion).