IntS6 and the Integrator phosphatase module tune the efficiency of select premature transcription termination events. Fujiwara et al.
The metazoan-specific Integrator complex catalyzes 3' end processing of small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) and premature termination that attenuates transcription of many protein-coding genes. Integrator has RNA endonuclease and protein phosphatase activities, but it remains unclear if both are required for complex function. Here, we show IntS6 (Integrator subunit 6) over-expression blocks Integrator function at a subset of Drosophila protein-coding genes, while having no effect on snRNAs or attenuation of other loci. Over-expressed IntS6 titrates protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) subunits, thereby only affecting gene loci where phosphatase activity is necessary for Integrator function. IntS6 functions analogous to a PP2A regulatory B subunit as over-expression of canonical B subunits, which do not bind Integrator, are also sufficient to inhibit Integrator activity. These results show that the phosphatase module is critical at only a subset of Integrator regulated genes and point to PP2A recruitment as a tunable step that modulates transcription termination efficiency.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas
National Natural Science Foundation of China