Data for: Viticulture land use history as a determinant of contemporary regional development in Western Poland
Many regions in Europe have unique and characteristic landscapes, partly resulted from historical and/or current economic activities that become contemporary land mark. At present, it is a trend to show these unique features by emphasizing local traditions or recreating historical ones that are often forgotten a long time ago. Return to the former land use forms means the need for changes deliberately made and stimulated by regional policy. Regional policy means in that case both consent to the allocation of land for vine plantations, as well as the involvement of resources for assistance in these projects. Our analysis of historical documents indicated that the cities such as Zielona Góra, Gubin, Krosno, Sulechów and Świebodzin were in the past known European viticulture centres. In the past only in Zielona Gora locality thousands of hectares were designated to wine production. For the whole region, it was many times larger. The contemporary land use form described in the paper is strongly supported by the Marshal's Office of the Lubusz Voivodship (regional authority) as local ones (district offices, commune offices, local councils) as well. The area of vine plantations is growing year by year. The policy of the region supports its further growth. Up to date, following the strengthening the position of regions in Europe, their wine-making history is recognized, new production vineyards are created, and campaigns are launched to encourage vineyards and tasting local wines visits. Our study of regional economic trends revealed that oenological tourism has perceived as an important element of the economic development of historical wine-making regions and former vineyards. Museums, thematic parks, tourist routes and even wine spa are established. These activities are perfectly fit with agricultural tourism, creating an important group of the wine tourism and support interesting, individual forms and characteristics of regional culture. Based on the experiences of the Lubusz voivodship (Poland) a conceptual framework for the oenological tourism development was proposed for other Central and Eastern European, but also worldwide regions with the viticulture land use historic background.