Cereal and apple yield data from agroforestry and monoculture systems in the UK, 2018-2020
This dataset comprises cereal yield data from agroforestry and paired arable control systems, in addition to apple fruit count, width, and seed count data from agroforestry and orchard systems. The cereal data was collected from three working farms in the UK, each with paired agroforestry and arable fields under the same management. The agroforestry apple data was collected from five agroforestry sites in the UK, while orchard apples were sourced from a UK wholesaler, with the fruits originating from Kent, UK, except for organic Braeburn, which originated from Lower Saxony, Germany. Yield samples were taken shortly prior to harvest of the commercial crop. The agroforestry systems comprised 24 m wide crop alleys separated by rows of apple trees. The data was collected to compare productivity of apple-cereal intercropping agroforestry systems with comparable monocultures of arable and orchards. Cereal yield data was collected between 2018 and 2020, while all apple data was collected in 2020. All data was collected by Tom Staton (University of Reading). See the associated publication and Supplementary Material for further details of data collection and results.