Evaluation of Effect of Obesity on Foot Biomechanics and Foot Disability Index in Female Adult (18–26 Yrs): A Case Control Study
Background- Obesity is a major rising health related problem. There are many long-term debilitating effects of obesity that may impair quality of life. Of these musculoskeletal disorders, foot problems in obese adults are most important. This may be due to the increased stress placed on the feet through the need to bear excessive mass. Purpose- The purpose of the study is to compare the effect of overweight on calcaneal eversion, gastrocnemius extensibility and angle of toe-out in female adults. The further aim was to study the effect of obesity on foot disability index in female adult. Method- Sixty eight females with a mean age of 18-26 years were divided into 2 groups according to there body mass index. Group A ( n=20,BMI =25-29.9) was assigned as a test group and Group B (n=34,BMI=18.5-24.5) were assigned as a control. Measurement for Calcaneal Eversion was obtained in prone whilst Gastrocnemius extensibility was obtained in sitting . The Angle of toe-out was obtained during walking. The Foot Disability Index was fulfilled by the participants. Result- There was significant difference noted (p<0.05) between two groups for calcaneal eversion, gastrocnemius extensibility and angle of toe out. No significant difference (p>0.05) was found in foot disability index scale between two groups. Conclusion-Within limits of present study , significant variation was found in CE,ATO(increase) and GE(decrease) in overweight females. No variation was found in foot disability index.