MXE: A package for simulating long-term diffusive mass transport phenomena in nanoscale systems
We present a package to simulate long-term diffusive mass transport in systems with atomic scale resolution. The implemented framework is based on a non-equilibrium statistical thermo-chemo-mechanical formulation of atomic systems where effective transport rates are computed using a kinematic diffusion law. Our implementation is built as an add-on to the Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator (LAMMPS) code, it is compatible with other LAMMPS’ functionalities, and shows a good parallel scalability and efficiency. In applications involving diffusive mass transport, this framework is able to simulate problems of technological interest for exceedingly large time scales using an atomistic description, which are not reachable with the state-of-the-art molecular dynamics techniques. Several examples, involving complex diffusive behavior in materials, are investigated with the framework. We found good qualitative and quantitative comparison with known theories and models, with Monte Carlo methods, as well as with experimental results. Thus, our implementation can be used as a tool to understand diffusive behavior in materials where experimental characterization is difficult to perform.