The characteristics of an archaeological site related to the production of Korean bronze bells through the analysis of slag and soil

Published: 22-04-2021| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/s48xhds5z9.2
Contributors:
INa Jang,
NamChul Cho

Description

Fig 1. Bell casting remains found in Korea and Japan: a) archaeological site in Hasachang-dong, Hanam; b) Gameunsa Temple in Gyeongju; c) Bongeopsa Temple in Anseong; d) archaeological site in Yaksa-dong, Ulsan 1; e) archaeological site in Yaksa-dong, Ulsan 2; and f) bell casting remains in Japan Fig 2. a) Location of Seocheon and a map of major cities in South Korea; b) Drawing of the casting workshop site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon. Fig 3. Casting mold found in a workshop at the Singeom-ri, Seocheon archeological site Fig. 4 Bronze slag and soil samples excavated from the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon Fig. 5 X-ray diffraction (XRD) results of slag excavated from the Singeom-ri archaeological site (Cu: cuprite, Ca: cassiterite, Q: quartz, Ma: malachite) Fig. 6 a) Metallurgical microscopic image of SC-1 metal prill and tin oxide on the vitrified matrix; b) metallurgical microscopic image of SC-2 metal prill and tin oxide on the vitrified matrix; c) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of SC-1 slag with SnO2 crystal (Cs) and bronze prill (Br); d) SEM image of SC-2 slag with acicular tin(IV) oxide (SnO2) crystal (Cs) and bronze prill (Br); and e) Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) mapping image of SC-2 Fig. 7 a) Reduction of a bronze structure observed in SC-3 microscopic metallurgical image; b) α phase and eutectic phase (α+δ) observed in the microscopic metallurgical image of SC-4; c) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of SC-3 with observed α and eutectic phases, and chlorine (Cl) detected in the corroded eutectic phase; d) SEM image of SC-4 α and eutectic phases Fig. 8 a) Map of zones according to the lead isotope ratio of galenas in South Korea; b) comparison of lead isotope ratios of slag samples and galenas in South Korea Fig. 9 a) Location of the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon, and excavation sites of Korean bronze bells; and b) a comparison of the distribution of lead isotope ratio of slag samples and galenas of bronze bells in South Korea. Table 1 Composition of Korean bronze bells Table 2 Bell casting remains in Korea Table 3 Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (WD-XRF) analysis of slag samples SC-1 and 2 from the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon Table 4 Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (WD-XRF) analysis of slag samples SC-3 and 4 from the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon Table 5 Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) analysis of SC-3 and SC-4 Table 6 Lead isotope ratio of the slag found at the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon Table 7 Analysis of soil samples from bell foundry remains at the archaeological site in Singeom-ri, Seocheon

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