Translational repression of Nox4 mRNA via the EI24-RTRAF interaction is crucial for hydrogen peroxide homeostasis and insulin synthesis

Published: 27 December 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/s76dtyshpw.1
Lin Yuan


Here, we found that the endoplasmic reticulum membrane-localized protein, EI24, controls the translation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4), which constitutively produces hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), by recruiting an RNA transcription, translation, and transport factor (RTRAF) to the 3’-UTRs of Nox4. Depletion of EI24 causes RTRAF to relocate into the nucleus, releasing the brake on Nox4 mRNA translation, and thus, the uncontrolled translation of Nox4 leads to a substantial generation of intracellular H2O2. This suppresses the translation of V-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog A (MafA), inhibits its binding to the Ins2 gene promoter, and ultimately hinders insulin transcription. Treatment with a specific NOX4 inhibitor or the antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) restored MafA translation and downstream insulin synthesis while alleviating the diabetic symptoms in pancreatic beta-cell specific Ei24-KO mice. Mass spectrometry data of interacting proteins, mRNA sequencing data, etc. are included.



Institute of Biophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences


Cell Biology