Addictive Behavior: The Role of Theoretical Frameworks in Understanding Dependency

Published: 3 June 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/smctky8d29.1
Ranjit Singha


A multifaceted approach incorporating insights from various theoretical frameworks is necessary to comprehend addictive behaviour. This article investigates the fundamental theories that underlie addiction, such as biological, psychological, social, and behavioural perspectives. Biological theories underscore the function of neurobiological mechanisms and genetic predisposition in addiction. Cognitive-behavioural and psychoanalytic theories, among others, underscore unconscious conflicts and maladaptive thought patterns. Social and environmental theories, such as socio-cultural and social learning theories, investigate the impact of cultural factors, modelling, and observation. Classical and operant conditioning are behavioural theories concentrating on the reinforcement mechanisms influencing addictive behaviours. The biopsychosocial model and the transtheoretical model of change are integrative models that provide comprehensive approaches to the understanding and treatment of addiction. The significance of a multidisciplinary perspective in confronting the intricacies of addiction and improving treatment outcomes is emphasized in this article.