Mechanically Induced Thermal Runaway for Li-ion Batteries

Published: 10 November 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/sn2kv34r4h.1
Lianshan Lin,


The deployment of Li-ion batteries covers a wide range of energy storage applications, from mobile phones, e-bikes, electric vehicles (EV) and stationary energy storage systems. However, safety issue such as thermal runaway is always one of the most important concerns to prevent Li-ion batteries from further market penetration. A standardized single-side indentation test protocol was developed to mechanically induce an internal short-circuit. The cell voltage, compressive load, indenter stroke, and temperature at the indentation point are measured in time series. The test data of each cell, along with cell parameters such as dimensions, mass, chemistry, state of charge (SOC), capacity, are integrated together to calculate a thermal runaway severity score from 0 to100. Complete data collection process including the original measured record, test method, severity score calculation scheme is presented in this article. The thermal runaway severity analysis and the more than 100 tested Li-ion battery records provide a good data source for further comparison and ranking of thermal runaway risks.


Steps to reproduce

Steps to reproduce these test data can be found through previous paper


Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories


Lithium Battery, Thermal Runaway


Office of Electricity