#Video Winter grazing of horses in the steppe zone on the border between the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan

Published: 18 March 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/ssbgmvv9k5.1
Alexey Rassadnikov


Shooting time - early March. Place - a steppe zone near the border between the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. A small herd of horses was seen not far from the excavation site of the enclosed settlements of the Sintashta archaeological culture of the Middle Bronze Age. The same territory contains a relatively large number of unfortified settlements of the Late Bronze Age (Alakul culture). The herd grazes a few kilometers from the village in any weather. Grazing occurs even in severe frost (-15-25) and wind. According to the shepherds, horses do not need shelter to wait out frost, blizzard and wind. However, this is not the only form of keeping horses. The second basic model involves keeping animals in a enclosure along with cows and sheep (the last video). Grass is obtained by breaking a snow crust with a hoof and shoveling off snow.



Institut istorii i arkheologii UrO RAN


Grazing System, Veterinary Behavior, Ethnoarchaeology, Zooarchaeology, Horse, Livestock Practice, Bronze Age, Horse Study, Livestock Husbandry, Livestock Management, Kazakhstan, Steppe, Eurasian Steppe, Pastoralism, Bronze Age Culture