FORTRESS: FORTRAN programs for solving coupled Gross–Pitaevskii equations for spin–orbit coupled spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensate

Published: 1 November 2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/st7md3ss85.1
Pardeep Kaur,
Arko Roy,
Sandeep Gautam


Here, we present simple and efficient numerical scheme to study static and dynamic properties of spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensates (BECs) with spin–orbit (SO) coupling by solving three coupled Gross–Pitaevskii equations (CGPEs) in three-, quasi-two and quasi-one dimensional systems. We provide a set of three codes developed in FORTRAN 90/95 programming language with user defined ‘option’ of imaginary and real-time propagation. We present the numerical results for energy, chemical potentials, and component densities for the ground state and compare with the available results from the literature. The results are presented for both the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin-1 BECs with and without SO coupling. To improve the computational speed, all the codes have the option of OpenMP parallelization. We have also presented the results for speedup and efficiency of OpenMP parallelization for the three codes with both imaginary and real-time propagation.



Spectral Method, Spin-Orbit Coupling, Computational Physics