Antitumor effect of PD-L1-targeting antagonistic aptamer-ASO delivery system with dual inhibitory function in immunotherapy
Checkpoint inhibitor antibody therapy by blocking the interaction of surface programmed death-ligand 1(PD-L1) and programmed cell death protein 1(PD-1) has promising advantages in cancer immunotherapy. However, the response of many patients remains unsatisfactorily, suspected to be relevant to PD-L1 located in other cellular compartments and antibodies do not have access to the intracellular compartments. Herein, we identify a PD-L1-targeting DNA aptamer (PA9-1) with dual roles, including an antagonist and a delivery agent dependent on PD-L1 internalization. And we design the PD-L1-targeting antagonistic aptamer-ASO delivery system (PA9-1-ASO), with synergistic inhibitory PD-L1 activity involving the combination of blockade and silencing mechanisms. This chimera not only blocks PD-L1/PD-1, but also achieves targeted delivery of the conjugated ASO to reduce both surface PD-L1 and total PD-L1 expression. Compared with the single blockade, this chimera with the dual inhibitory function synergistically inhibits PD-L1 to amplify immunotherapeutic efficacy, providing a promising synergistic strategy for immunotherapy.
Sichuan Province Science and Technology Support Program
Chengdu Municipal Science and Technology Program
Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities