The research hypothesis is a predictive statement that relates an independent variable to a dependent variable. The independent variable for the study is 'Ecotourism' and dependent variable id 'Sustainable Economic Development'. The hypotheses for the study are: 1. There is no significant difference between each parameter of the four selected spots which are: a. Nature and beauty b. Other attractions- Monument and entertainment c. Accessibility- road and transportation d. Restaurant and lodging. e. Guide and department information service f. Local’s cooperation g. Safety and security 2. There is significant positive correlation between awareness and implementation of Ecotourism and sustainability of environment. 3. Ecotourism is a known concept to all. 4. Ecotourism is a viable option for sustainable development benefitting all. 5. Economic ecotourism development happens when local people are equally involved in tourism. 6. Economic ecotourism development will happen with the application of low cost sustainable ecotourism practices. 7. Local financial development is as important as the wildlife conservation. 8. Ecotourism focuses mainly on education of importance of ecosystem. Testing Research Hypothesis- Non-experimental hypothesis testing research design was applied here, the independent variable is not manipulated. The various test applied to find the results of hypotheses were one way ANOVA test of variance to check the rating of spots, non- parametric chi-square test and Karl Pearson Correlation test. Hypotheses testing involves application of both parametric and non-parametric tests. As it is a purposive analysis research the non-parametric test of significance, i.e. the ‘Chi-Square Test of Independence’, ANOVA- Analysis of Variance was used to interpret the data in most of hypotheses testing.
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Research Design of the Study Type of Study- Exploratory/ Formulative Overall Design- Flexible design providing opportunity for considering different aspects of the need of the study (i) Sampling design- Non- probability sampling design- purposive , judgment sampling was adopted for sample areas selection, respondents were the tourists, local people and officials- community participants (ii) Statistical design- Types of measurement- average, percentage, nominal, ordinal and interval. As it is a purposive analysis research the non-parametric test of significance, i.e. the ‘Test Of Independence’, ANOVA and correlation was used to interpret the data. (iii) Observational design- Structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for collection of data having attitude scale- Likert’s summated rating scale and Thurstone’s equal appearing interval scale. Unstructured interview with the local people, tourists and officials were conducted. (iv) Operational design- Flexibility in the operational procedures Selection of Area For any research activity, the sample area of work for study is selected based on the need for the study. There are some good places near Nagpur at the rural areas which can be framed as ecotourism spots to create the economic ripples of community development. Hence natural spots at the radius of 100 km from Nagpur The task of data collection begins after a research problem has been defined and research design chalked out. The data for the study was collected through primary and secondary data collection techniques which were conducted in various phases . Primary data Qualitative data was collected through observation at the spot and through unstructured interview sessions, discussions with the local people, tourists and officials. Meetings, training sessions and promotions through pamphlets attached in Annexure 4 were also conducted in this phase of data collection. Interview and discussions provided the flexibility to ask supplementary questions which were not listed in the structured questionnaire and freedom to the respondents to give their suggestions indiscreetly. All of these data collection methods were conducted to get the relevant information related with the research objectives. Quantitative data was collected through structured questionnaire recorded from the local people, tourist and the officials’ in charge. The questionnaires were handed in person (paper and pen survey), through schedules and through online survey as well. Good response was achieved due to the integration of internet /online medium of data collection i.e. respondents were approached through various social medias via Facebook, WhatsApp, blogs, travel communities invited them to respond through online survey which was thesistools.com. The various links created for the three respondents to answer were: Local – hotel & tour operators Link: http://www.thesistools.com/web/?id=500990