covid-19 and democracy

Published: 9 February 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/tbg5ghw7wk.1
Eric Yan


This dataset is for the study on COVID-19 death that may vary across countries of different political regimes.


Steps to reproduce

Total deaths per million population, total tests per million population, the share of tests that are positive, and stringency index are from Hannah, et al. (2020). These variables are daily based. The following annual-based variable are used as control variables: Press freedom index in 2020 is from the Reporters Without Borders (RSF, 2021). Government cohesion in 2019 is from ICRG (2021). Domestic private health expenditure per capita, PPP (current international $) in 2019 and GDP per capita (2010 US$) in 2019 are from the World Development Indicators (World Bank, 2021 ). Human Development index in 2019 is from the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Reports (UNDP, 2021). References: Hannah Ritchie, Edouard Mathieu, Lucas Rodés-Guirao, Cameron Appel, Charlie Giattino, Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, Joe Hasell, Bobbie Macdonald, Diana Beltekian and Max Roser (2020). "‘Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". )’. Published online at Retrieved from: (accessed on February 22 2022). ICRG (2021). ‘“International Country Risk Guide Researchers Dataset’”. The PRG Group, INC, Liverpool, NY, USA. (accessed on March 02 2022). UNDP (2021). ‘“United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Reports’”. (accessed on April 05 2022). World Bank (2021). ‘“World Bank Development Indicators’”. Washington, USA. (accessed on April 03 2022). RSF (2021). ‘“The World Press Freedom Index’”, Published Online at Reporters Without Borders Website. Retrieved from: (accessed on April 04 2022).


National Cheng Kung University


Health Economics, Political Economy