Mangrove Restoration Action of Mangroves in Colombia - MANRESCO V.1.0
Contains the report of 163 mangrove restoration actions in Colombia between 1995 and 2018 with their respective geolocation and associated variables such as year of implementation, the current status of the action, monitored variables, Technique used, restoration approach used, species planted (yes applicable), causes of degradation, the relative success of the action, information resource. A “restoration action” was considered as the set of techniques used to help the mangrove recovery in a particular site and time. Those initiatives of experimental nature or that intended to test some propagation techniques were not considered as restoration actions and were excluded from the analysis. A “restoration action” was considered as the set of techniques used to help the mangrove recovery in a particular site and time. Those initiatives of experimental nature or that intended to test some propagation techniques were not considered as restoration actions and were excluded from the analysis. Each restoration action reported in the available information sources was considered a record. In the end, actions that had already been reported by other sources of information were excluded.
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The information was collected through a review of scientific literature using search engines such as Scopus and Google Scholar through the use of keywords. Some information was consulted directly through local bookstores, considering the scarcity of records in digital media. Finally, the database was supplemented through online surveys, sent to officials of local environmental entities (Regional Autonomous Corporations and National Natural Parks of Colombia), who provided information. For the inclusion of documents as sources of information, the search focused on actions that helped the recovery or establishment of the mangrove between 1990 and 2018 in the coastal municipalities of Colombia. For each registered restoration action, the following information was included in the database: geographical coordinates, year of implementation, municipality of implementation, area intervened by the action, causes of degradation, mangrove type according to the biophysical classification proposed by Worthington et al. (2020) (Deltaic, Estuarine, Lagoon or Open coasts; dominated by terrigenous (T) or carbonate (C) sedimentation); “restoration type”, according to Ellison et al., 2020 and Kaly and Jones (1998), techniques used (Practical activity carried out in the field to improve site conditions) and costs. In the case of reforestation actions, the species used were specified; monitoring (<1 year, between 1 and 5 years,> 5 years); and monitored variables (Survival, Coverage, Plant Development, Function). Not all the information required for each action was directly and explicitly available from the information sources, so it was derived from the interpretation of the texts or by consulting experts and restoration professionals familiar with the actions identified to complete as many fields as possible. In some cases, no coordinates were found, so were assigned according to the reported site name.