Platelet Factor 4 Antibodies and Severe AKI

Published: 12 December 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/tp5bpph5y5.1
, Charlotte Thomas


Raw data and data dictionary for the paper, "Platelet Factor 4 Antibodies and Severe AKI" published in Kidney360 (DOI: 10.34067/KID.0000000000000287). [NOTE: ALL DATA HAS BEEN DE-IDENTIFIED, ANONYMIZED, AND DATE-SHIFTED] Abstract Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, which results from production of antibodies that bind to heparin-platelet factor 4 (PF4) complexes, is a hypercoagulable state associated with considerable morbidity and mortality due to thrombotic complications. We investigated whether PF4 antibodies are associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: We conducted a cohort study of hospitalized adults who underwent testing for PF4 antibodies at two large medical centers in Boston between 2015 and 2021. The primary exposure was PF4 test positivity. The primary outcome was severe AKI, defined by KDIGO stage 3 as a ≥3-fold increase in serum creatinine or receipt of kidney replacement therapy within 7 days following the PF4 test. We used multivariable logistic regression to adjust for potential confounders. Results: A total of 4224 patients were included in our analysis, 469 (11.1%) of whom had a positive PF4 test. Severe AKI occurred in 50 of 469 patients (10.7%) with a positive PF4 test and in 235 of 3755 (6.3%) with a negative test (unadjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.79 [95% CI, 1.30–2.47]). In multivariable analyses adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, laboratory values, and severity-of-illness characteristics, PF4 test positivity remained associated with a higher risk of severe AKI (adjusted OR 1.56 [95% CI 1.10–2.20]). Conclusions: Among hospitalized adults, the presence of PF4 antibodies is independently associated with a 56% higher odds of developing severe AKI. Additional studies are needed to investigate potential mechanisms that may underlie these findings, such as pathogenic effects of PF4 antibodies on the microvasculature of the kidneys.



Brigham and Women's Hospital


Heparin, Thrombocytopenia, Thrombosis, Acute Kidney Injury