Data for Early-onset dietary restriction maintains mitochondrial health, autophagy and ER function in the left ventricle during aging
Dietary restriction (DR) exerts healthy benefits, including heart functions. However, the cardioprotective role of DR is till controversial among researchers due to the variation of DR conditions. The present study focuses on the protective effect of early-onset DR on cardiac injury using mitochondrial structure and expression of protein associated with mitochondrial homeostasis, autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) function as measures. Methods: Two-month-old mice were fed with a breeding diet ad libitum (AL) or DR (60% of AL) for 3 (Young) or 20 (Aged) months. Results: Body weight increased with aging, whereas DR treatment kept body weight consistent. DR mice exhibited a higher relative heart weight than AL mice. DR mice displayed lower plasma glucose levels, compared with AL groups. Furthermore, Aged-AL, but not Aged-DR mice, had increased collagen content and morphological distortions in the left ventricle (LV). Aged-DR mice had a higher ATP and lower TBARS in the LV than Aged-AL mice. Mitochondrial morphology was detected by electron microscopy; Aged-AL mice had increased abnormal morphology of mitochondria. Treatment with DR reduced abnormal mitochondrial accumulation. Aging elevated the protein expressions of mitochondrial functions and ER-induced apoptosis. Aging downregulated autophagy-related proteins and chaperones in the heart. Dietary restriction reversed those protein expressions. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated a beneficial effect of early onset DR on cardiac aging. The age-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction and protein quality control dysregulation was significantly reversed by long-term DR, demonstrating a concordance with the beneficial effect in the heart.