Kill Site Database: a unified dataset on human-megafauna interactions across time and space

Published: 28 November 2022| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/trvzsszcjk.1


The database presented in this data article is related to the paper “Megafauna kill sites in South America: a critical review” [1]. It includes a list of 134 publications on human-megafauna interaction, with 69 archaeological sites showing human-megafauna interaction. From these sites, 44 present a minimum human-megafauna association, from which up to 17 megafauna kill sites were classified, with up to 15 exploited extinct megafauna taxa. It also provides a list of current taxonomic classifications of extinct megafauna that humans have exploited according to empirical evidence presented in the related paper. The megafauna kill sites were classified based on five restrictive criteria according to Grayson and Meltzer’s (2015, 2002), Borrero’s (2009) and Mothé et al.’s (2020) protocol. The kill sites database reflects the empirical evidence on megafauna exploitation by humans available in scientific literature, and is useful to understand the human-megafauna interactions in the late Quaternary. Finally, we also provide our online repository (, an initiative to unify the evidence on megafauna kill sites (and their related data) worldwide, starting in South America.



Universidade Federal de Goias - Campus Samambaia


Archeology, Ecology, Paleontology, Anthropology