Flow State Scale-2 (short version) and subjective experience responses of undergraduate students in tutorial sessions taught either by a human or a robot tutor in Monash University, Malaysia

Published: 5 November 2017| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/tz22mcg8w7.1
Nicholas, Wai Hong Wong


This data is for an exploratory case study of two Faculty of Information Technology (FIT) units in Monash University, Malaysia carried out over 8 weeks for 4 different groups of undergraduate students. In total, there were 63 undergraduate students aged 17 to 24 (mean = 19.33, standard deviation = 1.136). The 4 study groups are as follows: First 4 sessions carried out with robot tutor, last 4 by human: - FIT1033: Foundations in 3D, Mondays 2 p.m. - FIT1050: Web Fundamentals, Wednesdays 8 a.m. First 4 sessions carried out by human tutor, last 4 with robot: - FIT1033: Foundations in 3D, Wednesdays 8 a.m. - FIT1050: Web Fundamentals, Tuesdays 3 p.m. For each week, an approximately 15-minute tutorial session was taught either by a human tutor or a robot tutor; after which a Flow State Scale-2 (short version) and subjective experience questionnaire is given to the student participants. A humanoid robot called NAO developed by Softbank Robotics is used. A total of 328 responses were collected. The full description as to what each column means, such as which question corresponds to what flow dimension, is written inside the Excel file under the "notes" spreadsheet. The questionnaire form is attached here as well. All participant names are replaced with a unique ID for each person to protect personally-identifiable information while still allowing tracking of a person through multiple weeks.


Steps to reproduce

The steps to reproduce requires the setup of a humanoid robot tutor which follows a programming to deliver the instruction based on university teaching materials and interact with students in a classroom. Although the teaching materials differ for each university (as this is a case study) and the robot used is NAO from Softbank Robotics, its procedures can be reproduced even for other robots and classes to further compare the results and strengthen or weaken the theories which result from this study. The full setup and procedures can be found in a soon to be published article.


Monash University - Malaysia Campus


Learning Experience, Higher Education, University Students, Tutoring, Humanoid Robot, Positive Psychology