Perceived CPA and risk perception

Published: 16 March 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/tzx23mn78y.1


The aim of the research is to provide empirical evidence about the possible relationships between perceived CPA strategies, namely information and financial incentives, and risk perception. For this purpose, the study focuses on residents who live near a polluting industrial complex. The results are obtained using structural equation models, and they show that each CPA strategy influences citizens’ risk perception in a different way.


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The fieldwork was undertaken during the first fortnight of September 2018. It consisted of a large-scale survey of residents, through street interviews in La Pobla de Mafumet and El Morell, the municipalities closest to the petrochemical complex analysed. The total number of residents living in the two municipalities was 7,542 (3,649 in El Morell and 3,893 in La Pobla de Mafumet) according to figures from the Spanish Institute of Statistics (2018), which for a 95% confidence level represents a sample error of ±5% (p=q=0.5). The research sample, 295 valid responses from a simple random sample, comprised 146 residents from El Morell, and 149 residents from La Pobla de Mafumet. The percentage of the sample of respondents in each of the two localities was significantly representative of the percentage of population that each municipality represents in the universe of the study. The questionnaire consisted of closed questions with items measured on a five-point Likert scale (1, lowest agreement; 5, highest agreement). Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to empirically validate the model by means of the EQS 6.4 statistical software package using the maximum likelihood estimation method.


Universitat Jaume I


Risk Perception, Institutional Theory, Corporate Political Action