Dataset for: Growing industrialization and poor conservation planning challenge natural resources’ management in the Amazon shelf off Brazil
Araujo et al. (2021), based on an extensive compilation of primary and secondary data, assessed the distribution of benthic habitats and spatial extent of the economic activities in Brazil’s Amazon Shelf. The present dataset was developed to support this manuscript providing geospatial data (vector and raster) in geographic latitude/longitude coordinate system (World Geodetic System; datum: WGS84), that included data about: (1) Bathymetry - main bathymetry isobaths; (2) Biodiversity Fauna - species occurrence records of sea turtles, marine mammals, marine and shore birds, and fishery resources; (3) Biodiversity Megahabitats - distribution of the main benthic megahabitats, mangrove and shoreline types; (4) Fisheries Activities - artisanal and industrial fishing; (5) Human Population - density population; (6) Infrastructure - seaports, waterway, railway, airports and marine traffic; (7) Mining Activities - mining blocks of Pará and Maranhão basins; (8) Oil & Gas Activities - drilling wells, sedimentary Basins and blocks (offered, returned, under concession); (9) Protected Areas - Protected Areas, Coastal and Marine Protected Areas (CMPA) and Priority Areas for Biodiversity Conservation, including Planned CMPA; (10) River Plume - Amazon River plume distribution. Additionally, the dataset includes two excel files, one with information about data sources and processing and another with the biodiversity database.