Single-source Evaporation of CsBr and PbBr2 for Efficient CsPbBr3 Perovskite Solar Cells
A facile one-crucible single-source vacuum thermal evaporation (VTE) approach is developed, which is used to evaporate two different melting points materials CsBr (630 °C) and PbBr2 (370.6 °C) to deposit high-quality inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite films. Molar ratio of PbBr2 to CsBr in their mixture in the crucible is a key factor influencing the stoichiometry, structure, photoelectrical and photovoltaic properties of the CsPbBr3 films. The other important factor is the thickness of the CsPbBr3 films. High-quality CsPbBr3 films with good uniformity and compact and large grains are prepared. Planar CsPbBr3 perovskite solar cells are fabricated giving a high power conversion efficiency of 8.65%. The fabricated CsPbBr3 solar cells exhibit a good stability in air without encapsulation.