Swedish toxicity ranking of facilities

Published: 6 October 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/vbj4x2ngky.1
Contributor:
Szilárd Erhart

Description

This dataset has been prepared by Szilárd Erhart & Kornél Erhart for a research paper on 'Application of North European characterisation factors, population density and distance-to-coast grid data for refreshing the Swedish human toxicity and ecotoxicity footprint analysis', published by the Environmental Assessment Review, ABSTRACT Here, we develop further the national chemical footprint assessment methods using Sweden as an example to enhance the precision of calculations. First, we integrate grid data on population density and distance-to-seacoast into the analytical framework to better match the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register on the sub-compartment level with USEtox toxicity characterisation factors. Second, we use the latest USEtox 2.12 model version and its more punctual North European characterisation factors. Third, we conduct trend and geographic analysis and rank Swedish facilities in terms of toxicity potential. We show that total human toxicity potential in Sweden was smaller than previously estimated when using the North European USEtox landscape settings and sloped downwards over time. We confirm toxicity potential of major pollutants in previous research papers (Zn, Hg, Pb, Ni) and find that Hg’s relative human toxicity potential in a longer period can be larger than previously estimated on shorter periods. Human toxicity is estimated to be mostly non-cancer type in Sweden. Results are largely invariant to the choice of air sub-compartments. Companies in the metals manufacturing sector are estimated to have the largest human toxicity potential in Sweden in the period between 2001 and 2017 and companies in the paper manufacturing industry have the largest ecotoxicity potential. DISCLAIMER The authors takes no responsibility for the timeliness, accuracy, completeness or quality of the information provided. The author is in no event liable for damages of any kind incurred or suffered as a result of the use or non-use of the information presented or the use of defective or incomplete information. The contents are subject to confirmation and not binding. The author expressly reserves the right to alter, amend, whole and in part, without prior notice or to discontinue publication for a period of time or even completely.

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Categories

Pollution, Air Pollution, Sustainable Development, Environmental Health of the Built Environment, Water Pollution, Sustainable Manufacturing

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