Data of soluble extracellular polymeric substance of HBGA-expressing bacterium influences the survival and persistence of norovirus on lettuce
Foodborne norovirus (NoV) outbreaks linked to leafy greens are common due to a lack of efficient strategies to prevent NoV spread from contaminated surfaces. We previously found that Sphingobacterium sp. SC015 expresses histo-blood group antigen (HBGA)-like substances in soluble extracellular polymeric substances (SEPS) that contribute to NoV adherence on lettuce. Here, we extracted SEPS from bacterium SC015 (SEPS-SC015), analyzed their chemical composition, and examined their roles in the survival and protection of NoV and surrogates [murine norovirus (MNV-1) and Tulane virus (TuV)] on lettuce.