Awareness and Prevalence of risk factor of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among college population - A Survey study
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by obstruction in the airflow which interferes with the normal breathing pattern. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced COPD will be the third common cause for death by 2020. Smoking is the most significant risk factor for developing COPD, although other risk factors include occupational exposure, air pollution exposure, and respiratory infections. The severity distribution and progression of disease in younger patients with COPD is similar to that of patients of older age.
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An online survey among 270 college going student age between 18 to 28 year was done across the country. Questionnaire assessed the smoking rate, risk factors, symptoms, and awareness among college student related to COPD. A 21-item questionnaire asked based on following domain smoking, occupational exposure, environment, any underlying condition, breathing related issue, other symptoms and awareness was formed to assess the prevalence and awareness in college population.